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 Commercial Trucks & Tractors

Registrations, Renewals and Title Transfers


Commercial Vehicles

Note: Commercial trucks weighing over 26,000 cannot be processed online.

According to Florida Statute 320.01(26), a 'commercial motor vehicle’ is a vehicle not owned by the government, with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 26,001 lbs. or more, or has three or more axles regardless of weight, or is used in combination (vehicle plus trailer) when the weight of such combination exceeds 26,001 pounds gross vehicle weight.

Note: If the empty weight is 5,000 lbs or less, the truck is not considered a commercial motor vehicle. The registration would be based on net (empty) weight, and the GVW would not be required.

A commercial motor vehicle is subject to the following statutory requirements, depending on the GVW declared (or if it has three or more axles) and whether it is used for intrastate travel (within Florida only) or interstate travel (between Florida and any other state). For further information on commercial motor vehicles, please see DMV Procedure RS-45 on the DHSMV website.


Customer-declared Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)

A heavy truck is defined as a vehicle weighing more than 5,000 lbs, registered on the basis of gross vehicle weight and used to carry or pull (with a trailer) goods other than the personal effects of the passengers.

How To Determine The Gross Vehicle Weight

a. For heavy trucks with an empty weight of more than 5,000 pounds, but less than 8,000 pounds, the gross vehicle weight, is calculated by adding the empty weight of the heavy truck and the weight of the load carried by it, which is the maximum gross weight as declared by the owner or person applying for registration.

When the declared GVW is 26,000 pounds or less, one plate is issued and displayed on the rear of the vehicle.

b. For heavy trucks with an empty weight of 8,000 pounds or more, the gross vehicle weight is calculated by adding the empty weight of the truck, the empty weight of any trailer coupled thereto, and the weight of any load in the truck and trailer.

When the declared GVW is 26,001 or more, the heavy truck is considered a commercial vehicle. If the vehicle travels intrastate only, two plates are issued with the decal attached to the plate on the front of the vehicle.

c. The gross weight of a truck tractor and semi-trailer combination is calculated by adding the empty weight of the truck tractor to the empty weight of the semi-trailer and any load in the trailer. Such vehicles are coupled by means of a fifth wheel arrangement whereby part of the weight of the semi-trailer and load rests upon the truck tractor.

One plate is issued to be displayed on the front of the vehicle.

It is the owner/operator’s responsibility to ensure the declared GWV remains accurate throughout the registration period. If the declared GVW needs to be changed (i.e., increased) at any time during the registration period, please contact our office for information and instructions.

A half-year rate may be requested when the GVW is between 15,000-80,000 lbs. The semi-annual registration periods are Dec. 1 to May 31 and June 1 to Dec. 31.

If the vehicle’s empty weight is 5,001-7,999 lbs., you may declare the GVW for the truck only (do not add the GVW of a trailer you may be towing).

If the vehicle’s empty weight is 8,000 lbs. or more, you must declare the combined GVW of the vehicle and any trailer you may be towing.


Commercial Driver License Requirement

If you operate a vehicle with a GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating), declared weight, or actual weight (whichever is greatest) of 26,001 pounds or more, transport hazardous materials, or carry 16 or more passengers (including the driver), you will need a CDL (Commercial Driver License) and all applicable endorsements. For additional information on CDL licenses and endorsements, please visit the Division of Driver License information page.

Insurance

For detailed information on commercial motor vehicle insurance requirements, please see DMV Procedure RS-33 on the DHSMV website.

Combined bodily liability and property damage liability (Combined Single Limit-CSL) coverage amounts required are based on the declared GVW.  When registering, you will need to show your policy listing the actual amount of CSL coverage

  • 26,000-34,999 lbs GVW = $50,000 coverage
  • 35,000-43,999 lbs GVW = $100,000 coverage
  • 44,000-80,000 lbs GVW = $300,000 coverage

Note: A split limit policy is acceptable, if the policy limits meet or exceed required coverage. Vehicles with a GVW of 10,000 pounds or more which transport hazardous materials, as well as all for-hire interstate carriers, are required to carry $750,000 CSL coverage. 

Heavy Vehicle Use Tax (HVUT)

For detailed information on HVUT, please see DMV Procedure RS-34  on the DHSMV website.

If the declared GVW is 55,000 lbs. or more, proof of filing, payment, or exemption of HVUT (Heavy Vehicle Use Tax) must be shown prior to issuance of a registration.  Heavy trucks involved in intrastate commerce (only driven in Florida) and interstate commerce (driven in Florida and any other state) are both subject to HVUT. The owner should complete IRS Form 2290 (Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax Return), including Schedule 1 (Schedule of Heavy Highway Vehicles), and submit payment to the IRS. Visit IRS Online Forms and Publications to access these forms directly from the IRS website.

Note: If the vehicle was purchased within the past 60 days, the new owner is not required to show proof of payment of HVUT for the issuance of the first registration.

International Registration Plan(IRP)

For further information on IRP requirements, please see FAQ’s about IRP on the DHSMV website. A detailed IRP Trucking Manual  is also available.

IRP vehicles are commercial motor vehicles engaged in interstate travel (traveling between Florida and any other state). These vehicles must display apportioned license plates, which are issued by the Bureau of Motor Carrier Services (MCS) in Tallahassee. Applications for apportioned license plates are made on HSMV form 85900, which includes instructions. Application forms and information are available att DHSMV’s online forms page. All applications, renewals, additions, and corrections for apportioned license plates should be submitted to:

Division of Motor Vehicles
Bureau of Motor Carrier Services
Neil Kirkman Bldg Room A-110
Tallahassee, FL 32399-0626
850-488-6921

General information regarding apportioned license plates may be obtained through our office at  (863)534-4700.

The fees for an apportioned plate are calculated by GVW (or combined GVW) multiplied by the percentage of miles driven in a particular state. Since these calculations are done by means of a computerized system at the MCS office inTallahassee, the Tax Collector’s office is not able to provide price quotations or estimates.

For information on apportioned registration fees, detailed questions, issues with apportioned license plates or requirements, please contact the Bureau of Motor Carrier Services directly at (850)488-6921.

International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA)

For additional information on Fuel Use Tax requirements under IFTA, please see FAQ’s for Trucking or Commercial Motor Carriers on the DHSMV website. A detailed IFTA Trucking Manual is also available.

The IFTA program is administered by the Bureau of Motor Carrier Services. Only those vehicles engaged in interstate travel would be affected by IFTA requirements. Please refer to Chapter 207 of the Florida Statutes for a description of the vehicles affected by this agreement.


Initial Registration

Residents operating commercial trucks and tractors on Florida's roadways must register those vehicles in the State of Florida.

Non-residents must register their vehicles in Florida if they engage in a trade or occupation, are employed in Florida, or their children attend public schools in Florida.

Vehicle registrations for commercial trucks and tractors may be obtained at one of the Tax Collector's Offices.

To receive a vehicle registration for a commercial truck and/or tractor, the following items are required:

  • A registration renewal notice or previously issued registration. (If these are not available, the tag number, title number or vehicle identification number may provide enough information.)
  • Current proof of Florida property damage liability and personal injury protection insurance, including the insurance company's name and policy number.
  • For commercial trucks and tractors with a declared gross vehicle weight of 26,000 pounds or more, proof of insurance:
     
GVW MINIMUM COVERAGE
26,000-34,999 $50,000 per occurrence
35,000-43,999 $100,000 per occurrence
44,000-80,000 $300,000 per occurrence

Vehicles owned 6 months or longer require proof of payment of Heavy Vehicle Use Tax.

  • Heavy Vehicle Use Tax - Proof of payment or exemption from Federal Heavy Use Tax is required in order to renew a tractor or truck with a GVW or 55,000 pounds or more. One of the following will be required for proof of payment:  
    • Copy of IRS Schedule I, original and a copy of Form 2290, and a copy of the front and back of the canceled check used to pay the tax
    • Copy of IRS Schedule I, original and copy of Form 2290, receipted by IRS
    • Copy of a properly filed IRS Schedule I, Part II, Form 2290 for vehicles over 55,000 pounds but traveling less than 5,000 miles or an agriculture vehicle traveling less than 7,500 miles
Acceptable forms of proof are as follows:
  • Certificate of Self Insurance issued by HSMV;
  • Form E, Uniform Motor Carrier Bodily Injury & Property Damage Liability;
  • Proof of self insurance with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration;
  • Policy which provides the required coverage;
  • Insurance policy binder which provides the required coverage;
  • Certificate of insurance issued on insurance form only (must reflect policy number and levels of insurance coverage); or,
  • Depositing a surety bond with HSMV issued by a surety company authorized to do business in Florida or a combination of a surety bond and insurance policy which satisfies the requirements of section 320.02(5)(e), Florida Statutes.
Note: An insurance affidavit is not acceptable proof of commercial vehicle insurance.
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Registration Renewal


Click here to make an online payment.

Florida law requires commercial truck and tractor tags and registrations to be renewed before they expire, as well as provide proof of insurance.

Florida full year commercial truck and tractor registrations and tags (license plates) expire December 31st.

Florida half year commercial truck and tractor registrations and tags (license plates) expire May 31st.

Note: Half year registrations are allowed for commercial trucks and tractors with a gross vehicle weight of 15,000 lbs. or more.

To renew, the following items are required:

  • Previous registration or registration renewal notice; and,
  • Heavy Vehicle Use Tax - Proof of payment or exemption from Federal Heavy Use Tax is required in order to renew a tractor or truck with a GVW or 55,000 pounds or more. One of the following will be required for proof of payment:
     
    • Copy of IRS Schedule I, original and a copy of Form 2290, and a copy of the front & back of the canceled check used to pay the tax
    • Copy of IRS Schedule I, original and copy of Form 2290, receipted by IRS
    • Copy of a properly filed IRS Schedule I, Part II, Form 2290 for vehicles over 55,000 pounds but traveling less than 5,000 miles or an agriculture vehicle traveling less than 7,500 miles
  • For commercial trucks and tractors with a declared gross vehicle weight of 26,000 pounds or more proof of insurance:
    GVW MINIMUM COVERAGE
    26,000-34,999 $50,000 per occurrence
    35,000-43,999 $100,000 per occurrence
    44,000-80,000 $300,000 per occurrence

    Acceptable forms of proof are as follows:
    • Certificate of Self Insurance issued by HSMV;
    • Form E, Uniform Motor Carrier Bodily Injury & Property Damage Liability;
    • Proof of self insurance with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration;
    • Policy which provides the required coverage;
    • Insurance policy binder which provides the required coverage;
    • Certificate of insurance issued on insurance form only (must reflect policy number and levels of insurance coverage); or,
    • Depositing a surety bond with HSMV issued by a surety company authorized to do business in Florida or a combination of a surety bond and insurance policy which satisfies the requirements of section 320.02(5)(e), Florida Statutes.

If you fail to renew your commercial trucks and tractors tag and registration before the 11th day of the month following its expiration, a penalty fee will be charged upon late renewal. Also, it is a violation of the law to operate a vehicle on Florida's roadways without a current registration and license plate.

Please note, Florida law does not provide for vehicle registration renewal notices and failure to receive a renewal notice by mail does not relieve the vehicle owner of the their responsibility to timely renew their vehicle registration and license plate.

The Tax Collector does, however, provide renewal notices, as a courtesy to resident vehicle owners. The courtesy renewal notices are mailed approximately 3 weeks prior to the birth month or month in which the renewal is due.

The cost of renewing a registration and tag varies according to the gross vehicle weight commercial truck or tractor, as well as the type of tag chosen to be displayed on the vehicle.

Vehicle registration and tag renewals may be conducted at one of the Tax Collector's Offices.

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Title Application on a Commercial Vehicle

Transfer Of Ownership On A Florida Title


When seeking to transfer ownership of a commercial truck or tractor in Florida, you must bring the following to any one of the Tax Collector's Offices:

  • A Florida title, properly completed by the seller; and,
  • A copy of the current registration to be transferred, if applicable.

Also, each applicant must be present to sign the new application for title.

Note: Applicants may request a Fast Title for an additional $10. The title is provided by the Tax Collector's Office at the time of application. Fast Titles can be obtained at one of the Tax Collector's Offices.
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New Purchase from a Florida Dealer


If you have purchased a commercial truck or tractor (new or used) from a Florida dealership, the dealer is required by law to process the application for title.


New Purchase in Another State


If you have purchased a new commercial truck or tractor from an out-of-state dealership, an Applcation for Title may be completed and submitted to one of the Tax Collector's Offices.

Applications for Certificate of Title may be obtained and completed prior to visiting one of our Tax Collector's Offices.


Click here to retrieve the Application for Certificate of Title.

(Note: This form is made available through the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles website.)

The following items are needed in addition to a completed Application For Certificate Of Title:

  • A manufacturers certificate of origin;
  • A bill of sale or invoice listing the purchase price, sales tax paid, and any trade-in allowance (Please note, additional sales tax may be due);
  • A Federal odometer statement;
  • Any applicable lienholder information;
  • For commercial trucks and tractors with a declared gross vehicle weight of 26,000 pounds or more proof of insurance:
     
    GVW MINIMUM COVERAGE
    26,000-34,999 $50,000 per occurrence
    35,000-43,999 $100,000 per occurrence
    44,000-80,000 $300,000 per occurrence

    Acceptable forms of proof are as follows:
    • Certificate of Self Insurance issued by HSMV;
    • Form E, Uniform Motor Carrier Bodily Injury & Property Damage Liability;
    • Proof of self insurance with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration;
    • Policy which provides the required coverage;
    • Insurance policy binder which provides the required coverage;
    • Certificate of insurance issued on insurance form only (must reflect policy number and levels of insurance coverage); or,
    • Depositing a surety bond with HSMV issued by a surety company authorized to do business in Florida or a combination of a surety bond and insurance policy which satisfies the requirements of section 320.02(5)(e), Florida Statutes.
  • When transferring a license plate, the current registration or plate and decal number;
  • Also each applicant must sign the application. (If completing an application in our office, each person applying for ownership must be present to sign the title application.)
Note: Applicants may request a Fast Title for an additional $10. The title is provided by the Tax Collector's Office at the time of application. Fast Titles can be obtained at one of the Tax Collector's Offices.
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Used Purchase with Out-of-State Title


When seeking to register a commercial truck or tractor that was previously titled out-of-state, an Application For Certificate Of Title must be completed and submitted to one of the Tax Collector's Offices. An Application for Title may be obtained and completed prior to visiting one of the Tax Collector's Offices.

Click here to retrieve the Application For Certificate Of Title.

(Note: This form is made available through the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles website.)

The following items are also required:

  • The out-of-state title certificate in your name or assigned to you;
  • If your vehicle is financed - complete lienholder information - including account number, lienholder name and mailing address;
  • A vehicle identification odometer verification form, which must be completed by a law enforcement officer, a Florida notary, a Florida Division of Motor Vehicles compliance examiner, the U.S. Military Police, or a Florida licensed car dealer (Note: Completing Section 7 of the Application for Certificate of Title fulfills this requirement);
  • For commercial trucks and tractors with a declared gross vehicle weight of 26,000 pounds or more proof of insurance:
    GVW MINIMUM COVERAGE
    26,000-34,999 $50,000 per occurrence
    35,000-43,999 $100,000 per occurrence
    44,000-80,000 $300,000 per occurrence

    Acceptable forms of proof are as follows -
    • Certificate of Self Insurance issued by HSMV;
    • Form E, Uniform Motor Carrier Bodily Injury & Property Damage Liability;
    • Proof of self insurance with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration;
    • Policy which provides the required coverage;
    • Insurance policy binder which provides the required coverage;
    • Certificate of insurance issued on insurance form only (must reflect policy number and levels of insurance coverage); or,
    • Depositing a surety bond with HSMV issued by a surety company authorized to do business in Florida or a combination of a surety bond and insurance policy which satisfies the requirements of section 320.02(5)(e), Florida Statutes.
  • When transferring a license plate, the current registration or plate and decal number.
  • Each applicant must sign the application. (If completing an application in our office, each person applying for ownership must be present to sign the title application.)
  • Florida Use Tax may be due if the vehicle was purchased less than 6 months prior to importing the vehicle to Florida. Proof of any sales tax paid to another state will be required.
  • Also, the full 6% Florida Use Tax and any applicable local option tax is due on all vehicles imported from foreign countries.
Note: Applicants may request a Fast Title for an additional $10. The title is provided by the Tax Collector's Office at the time of application. Fast Titles can be obtained at one of the Tax Collector's Offices.
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